The project consortium consists of 17 partner instiutions from European countries and China and Brazil.

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

The Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), founded in 1992, is a non-profit research institute addressing crucial scientific questions in the fields of global change, climate impacts and sustainable development. The institute develops and uses a significant number of globally renowned and complex computational models which allow its scientists to assess many aspects of climate and global change phenomena ranging from ice sheets via land-use changes to the economic costs of decarbonisation of the economy. PIK devotes substantial resources to upholding modelling standards and practice and to model intercomparison. Also, it is involved in several projects with international partners around the world and plays an active role in activities such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

PIK has expertise in developing climate protection scenarios and identifying and evaluating transformation pathways that accomplish the necessary reduction of greenhouse gas emissions for achieving long-term climate protection, using the integrated energy-economy-land-use model system REMIND-MAgPIE.

International Institute for Applied System Analysis

IIASA is an international scientific institute that conducts policy-oriented research into problems that are too large or complex to be solved by a single country or academic discipline. Problems like climate change that have a global reach and can be resolved only by international cooperative action; or problems of common concern that need to be addressed at both the national and international level, such as energy security, population aging, and sustainable development. Funded by research funding agencies in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe, IIASA is independent and unconstrained by political or national self-interest. Over 300 mathematicians, social scientists, natural scientists, economists, and engineers from 50 countries carry out research at IIASA in Austria, at the heart of Europe.

IIASA has a long and successful history of developing systems-based, integrated solutions and policy advice for some of the world’s most pressing problems. These include energy resource issues, climate change, environmental pollution, land use, risk and resilience, and population growth. These multiple dimensions require a unique approach that can link diverse complex systems. In addition, IIASA hosts and maintains a number of databases and models used by scientists and policymakers. The institute also plays an important role in science diplomacy, using science to build bridges across increasingly complex political divides.

Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici

The Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) is a non-profit research institution. CMCC’s mission is to investigate and model our climate system and its interactions with society to provide reliable, rigorous, and timely scientific results, which will in turn stimulate sustainable growth, protect the environment, and develop science driven adaptation and mitigation policies in a changing climate. CMCC collaborates with experienced scientists, economists, and technicians, which work together in order to provide full analyses of climate impacts on various systems such as agriculture, ecosystems, coasts, water resources, health, and economics. CMCC also supports policymakers in setting and assessing costs, mitigation, and adaptation policies.

Within CMCC, the RFF-CMCC European Institute on Economics and the Environment (EIEE) is the entity directly involved in the NAVIGATE project.

Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Waterstaat

PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency is the national institute in the Netherlands for strategic policy analysis in the fields of environment, nature and spatial planning. PBL plays an important role in international assessment of global environmental change. The team involved in the integrated assessment model IMAGE produces scenarios of climate policy and climate change in terms of energy and land use and emissions of greenhouse gases and emissions. The IMAGE team has been involved in several European research projects and plays a key role in the development of scenarios for climate change assessment by IPCC. PBL researchers play an active role in various international assessments, including those of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), UNEP’s Global Environmental Outlook (GEO), and the Global Land Outlook. PBL forms part of many relevant scientific networks. This, for instance, includes the Integrated Assessment Modeling Consortium (IAMC), the Global Carbon Project (GCP) and the Energy Modelling Forum (EMF).  PBL has extensive experience on advising policy-makers on climate policy, including the European Commission and the Netherlands’ government.

University College London

UCL is one of the UK’s premier universities and is ranked in the world’s top 10. Founded in 1826, it currently employs approximately 8,000 staff, 16,000 undergraduates and 14,000 graduate students. It is financially and managerially independent of the University of London.

UCL Energy Institute (UCL EI) is the University’s mechanism for bringing together a wide range of perspectives, understandings and procedures in energy research, transcending the boundaries between academic disciplines. It brings together multidisciplinary teams, providing critical mass and capacity for large projects. In particular, the UCL Energy Institute develops and undertakes research in the areas of energy systems and energy‐demand reduction, to improve energy security and facilitate a transition to a low‐carbon economy. UCL Energy Institute has a wide portfolio of energy models focused on energy systems, macro‐ economics, integrated assessment, and end‐use sectors (industry, aviation, shipping, urban transport and buildings).

E3-Modelling IKE

E3-Modelling is a private capital company, established in Greece, as a knowledge-intensive consulting company spin-off inheriting staff, knowledge and software-modelling innovation of the laboratory E3MLab of the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA). The company specialises in the delivery of consulting services based on large-scale empirical modelling of the nexus economy-energy-environment. The experience goes back to 1990 and includes internationally renowned milestones, such as the models PRIMES and GEM-E3 and the support of major impact assessment studies and scenario building of the European Commission. The group performs since 1990 a European energy and transport outlook published every 2-3 years by the European Commission. The modelling and consulting services have also served numerous studies for European Governments, professional associations, and large-scale companies in the energy field. The consultation expertise of the group focuses on the design of transition in the energy market and systems, both in the demand and supply of energy, towards green and climate-friendly structures and technologies. Thanks to the modelling, the group assesses the transitions from economic, policy and implementation perspectives putting emphasis on the functioning of the system and the markets as a whole when policy instruments influence behaviours and market outcomes. In this context, the group has particular expertise in regulatory and market design aspects for the electricity and gas sectors in Europe. E3-Modelling has well renowned research records in modelling economic growth, sectorial growth and employment at an international level based on the GEM-E3 model which is the most-used macroeconomic general equilibrium model in Europe.

Centre national de la recherche scientifique CNRS

CNRS is representing two researche groups in NAVIGATE project: Centre d’Economie de la Sorbonne (CES) and Centre International de Recherche sur l’Environnement et le Developpement (CIRED).

The CES group in collaboration with the research group Climate Future Initiative (CFI) at Princeton University has been working on the ethical dimensions of climate policy, with a specific focus on the issues raised by risk, inequalities and population size. It has developed a variety of alternative welfare models to address these issues (EquiRisk project). It has also studied the impact of inequalities (Budolfson et al ., 2015) and population ethics (Scrovonick et al., 2017) on the social cost of carbon. The group is currently developing a model of endogenous population dynamics that can be incorporated in compact IAMs (Fair-Climpop project).

CIRED is a joint research unit under the supervision of CNRS, Ecole des Ponts parisTech, EHESS, AgroParisTech and CIRAD. CIRED was founded in 1973 by Professor Ignacy Sachs to study the tensions between economic development, long-term natural resources management and environmental protection. Since then it has extensively contributed to the evolution of environmental and development economics. During the last ten years, CIRED has built modelling systems exploring the relationships between economy, energy and climatic issues, including long term models capturing the interactions between development patterns and the environment, and decision-making models under uncertainty and scientific controversies. CIRED has provided expertise for the French government, international organizations (e.g., World Bank, IEA, OECD), NGOs and firms. CIRED has also been extensively involved in the workings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, group III) since AR2 (there are currently three AR6 authors at CIRED).

University of East Anglia

The University of East Anglia (UEA) has one of the longest established, largest, and most fully developed interdisciplinary Schools of Environmental Sciences in Europe. UEA houses the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research which is the UK’s leading scientific research centre for providing evidence to inform society’s transition to a sustainable low-carbon and climate resilient future. The Tyndall Centre undertakes robust and independent research to identify the challenges and opportunities presented by climate change, and inform open and transparent decisions that best serve society. The Tyndall Centre was founded in 2000 and currently has nearly 200 members ranging from Professors to PhD researchers. Among those are authors across all three Working Groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Université de Genève

University of Geneva (UNIGE) is the second largest university in Switzerland and has a strong international reputation for the quality of its research and teaching. UNIGE Renewable Energy Systems group at the Department F.-A. Forel for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences and the inter-faculty Institute for Environmental Sciences conducts research in three areas: (i) renewable energy systems; (ii) socio-technical energy solutions; and (iii) long-range energy projections. UNIGE Renewable Energy Systems group also participates in Swiss Competence Center of Energy Research-Supply of Electricity and Competence Center for Research in Energy, Society and Transition that unite Swiss universities, research institutes, key industry partners, and federal offices in researching, developing, and testing solutions for the implementation of the Swiss Energy Strategy 2050.

Chalmers Tekniska Hoegskola AB

Chalmers University of Technology is a major technical university in Sweden. Chalmers has developed leading research in the areas of climate and environmental sciences, energy production and materials science. The Physical Resource Theory (PRT) division in the Department of Space, Earth and Environment conducts research on energy, transportation and food systems. In the transportation area, the research team conducts research on both technology and user aspects, specifically in the design, viability and potential of electric vehicles and the studies of new mobility services, focusing on consumer behaviour aspects and policy measures. Chalmers has several years of experience in advising the local and national Governments on low-carbon transport and reaching out to various stakeholders as well as the general public. The team has organized international workshops on consumer behavior regarding transport.

Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change

The Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change (MCC) was founded in 2012 as a research organization by Stiftung Mercator and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, PIK. Based on high-level research, MCC develops and discusses solutions that address the long-term governance of global commons. MCC gives non-policy prescriptive advice to target audiences that include decision makers in international organisations, parliaments, public administration and other stakeholders from business and NGOs. MCC brings in its methodological expertise in developing analytical and numerical models on the question of policy instrument design which are mostly small-scale. High-level publications have focused on optimal taxation and the design of carbon pricing as well as other climate policy instruments. The institute is involved in a number of national and international projects on policy instruments for climate change mitigation and has a broad cooperation network.

Climate Analytics GmbH

Climate Analytics (CA) is a non-profit climate science and policy institute based in Berlin, Germany with offices in New York, USA, Lomé, Togo and Perth, Australia, which brings together interdisciplinary expertise in the scientific and policy aspects of climate change. CA’s mission is to synthesise and advance scientific knowledge in the area of climate change and on this basis provide support and capacity building to stakeholders. By linking scientific and policy analysis, CA provides state-of-the-art solutions to global and national climate change policy challenges. The CA team is motivated by the desire to empower those most vulnerable – small island states (SIDS) and least developed countries (LDC) – to use the best science and analysis available in their efforts to secure a global agreement to limit global warming to levels that don’t threaten their very survival. Spanning a broad range of expertise in the area of climate change, Climate Analytics is organised in four teams: Climate Science and Impacts, Climate Policy Analysis, Climate Diplomacy and Implementation Strategies. CA’s core competence is at the interface between these different areas, where the teams work closely together on several projects. Currently 4 staff members have been selected as lead authors for the next IPCC report. The diversity of the team is the core of the quality work CA delivers in the context of cross-sectoral analysis covering the physical and political perspective. The high number IPCC authors confirms the quality work done at CA.

Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet

NTNU is Norway’s largest university and main institution in higher education in the fields of engineering and technology. NTNU participates in more than 90 H2020 projects.

The Industrial Ecology Program has contributed to the advancement of tools such as material flow analysis (MFA), lifecycle analysis (LCA), and input-output analysis (IOA) and their applications across multiple sectors and topics. The program is currently involved in applied research on circular economy, e-mobility, fossil energy systems (including CCS), wind power, bioenergy, biofuels, biodiversity, transport, infrastructures, metals and materials among other topics. The group has made contributions to a variety of local, national, and international institutions, including the UNEP Resource Panel, UNEPs Life Cycle Initiative. They have also had several staff appointed as authors to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The University of Exeter

The University of Exeter combines world class research with excellent student satisfaction at its campuses in Exeter and Cornwall.

The Global Systems Institute is applying Earth system science to generating networked solutions. Our aim is to work with others to secure a flourishing future for humanity as an integral part of a life-sustaining Earth system. We are uniting a trans-disciplinary group of researchers, educators and partners to look beyond single ‘environmental’ issues to a truly systemic view of coupled global changes in the human social and economic sphere and the biosphere.

Fundacja Warszawski Instytut Studiow Ekonomicznych I Europejskich

WiseEuropa is an independent think-tank and research organization based in Warsaw that undertakes a strategic reflection on European politics, foreign policy and economy. The Institute employs a unique research toolkit, which enables to unite quantitative and qualitative approach through the application of: statistical and econometric methods as well as macroeconomic and system modelling in combination with sociological, political and institutional analysis. The research experience in the fields of national, European and global socio-economic and institutional policies, digital economy and innovation as well as energy, climate and environmental policies allows WiseEuropa to offer analytical, consulting and communication services on the cross-cutting policy issues.

Fundacao Coordenacao de Projetos Pesquisas e Estudos Tecnologicos

COPPETEC, here represented by its COPPETEC Foundation, was founded in 1963 and has become the largest engineering, teaching and research center in Latin America.

The Energy Planning Program (PPE) of COPPETEC studies issues linked to environmental planning, which is an area closely related to the energy field. Over the past years, PPE has participated in a number of international projects. Through its faculty members PPE also participates in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The PPE/COPPE/UFRJ has been intensively working with energy models, especially with MESSAGE since 2003. During this period, the MESSAGE model has been adapted and upgraded several times to be used for the Brazilian case and a global model was developed as well.

National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation

As the only professional research institution in China on climate change strategy research and international cooperation, NCSC is mandated to conduct systematic research in the field of strategic planning, policy and regulation, international policy, statistics and assessment, carbon market and information consultation, as well as providing decision-based support for China’s policymakers on international climate negotiations and cooperation through integrating and coordinating research efforts.